A typical British Embassy
a British Embassy is Britain’s principal representation in a foreign country or foreign sovereign state.
The head person in an Embassy would be the Ambassador, selected by the foreign office and usually would have the approval of the British Prime Minister and would basically be a non political appointment.
Often, Embassies are also the main official residence
for the Ambassador and in general diplomatic circles all
Embassy premises/compounds are considered the territory of
the home country.
In larger countries abroad an Embassy would be found in the capital or principal city of that country and, perhaps, smaller diplomatic missions, called Consulates, located in other cities, manned by an Honorary Consul (a British national) and reporting to the main consul in the embassy.
A British embassy is normally divided into several departments, usually a visa section, consular section, commercial section, political section and military section, each section having its own manager, often referred to as attaches. Such staff appointments would usually be filled by British nationals whereas subordinate staff could be junior ex-pats and even locals to provide their unique local input
The work of the various sections of a British Embassy are:
Visa section: To process visa applications from locals/foreign tourists
wishing to visit Britain.
Consular section: To deal with new passport applications, lost or stolen
passports, marriages between British nationals and host country natives,
matters encountered by British nationals abroad, such as births, deaths,
accidents, repatriations as well as problems involving criminal
activity, the local country’s judiciary/prisons/police plus the general
security of the Embassy premises. Very often the work of the Visa and
Consular sections are inter-linked.
Commercial section: To assist with trade matters between the two
countries, investments, etc.
Political section: As the name implies, to deal with political matters
Military section: To monitor military activity in the host country and
how it might/might not affect United Kingdom sovereignty or security.